Description of the Abydos Temple
Located 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) west of the Nile, Abydos Temple is one of the holiest and oldest sites in the history of ancient Egypt. It is also regarded as one of the most significant and well-known archaeological sites in the entire world.
The location, which dates to the Presynaptic Period, served as a royal cemetery for the first (2925-2775 BCE) and second (2775-2650 BCE) dynasties of the Egyptian royalty, a place of pilgrimage for the worship of the god “Osiris,” and a purported entrance to the Underworld under the name UMM El Qa’ab, or “The Mother of Pots.”
The temple houses the tomb of Narmer, the first dynasty’s founder, and it served as the focus of the Osiris cult. However, it was originally revered by the jackal-headed god Wepwawet, who was unable to challenge the God of the Underworld’s growing supremacy.
The History of the Abydos Temple
The Temple of Seti I (1318–1304 BC), which was started in 1300 BC and finished by his son Ramses II, is the primary attraction of Abydos (1304-1237 BC). Even though it was constructed in the new kingdom, the ancient Kingdom Spirit was still evident in its creative resurrection. Following the setbacks caused by Akhenaten, king Seti built the temple in an effort to strengthen the Ramesses dynasty.
Ancient generations made the decision to be buried close to the Osiris temple in order to gain his favor in the afterlife. Numerous Middle and New Kingdom pharaohs restored and expanded the Abydos temple. The temple is well-known for its “Helicopter Hieroglyphs,” which are carvings of Hieroglyphs discovered on an arch that resembles a helicopter, a combat tank, a submarine, and a fighter plane that resembles a U.F.O.
The Abydos Temple’s Components
The enormous Abydos temple is home to numerous remains along its desert edge. The Grand Temple of Seti I, which has an L-shaped layout and seven sanctuaries devoted to the pharaoh and the major Egyptian gods Ptah, Re-Herakhte, Amun, Osiris, Isis, and Horus as well as two large hypostyle halls, is the most well-known structure. It is famous for its distinctive architectural design.
The temple is covered with numerous inscriptions and decorations depicting Seti and his son Ramses II presenting offerings to the cartouches of his departed ancestors, including Menes, Hatshepsut, Akhenaton, and many others, in the Galley of the Kings.
The magnificent Osirian (Seti I cenotaph), which is located to the north of the temple of Seti, is a room made of enormous stone blocks. One of the rooms contained a mound surrounded by a moat, which represents the primordial mound that emerged from the waters of chaos at the beginning of Creation and fosters a close relationship between the pharaoh’s Ka and Osiris. The Ramses II temple and other enormous constructions from the prehistoric to Roman periods are in ruins around 300m northeast of Seti’s temple.