Who is King Chephren?
King A.K. Khafre one of the most significant rulers of the 4th dynasty in ancient Egyptian history was a monarch named Chephren. He is King Khufu’s son, who constructed the Great Pyramid of Giza. Between 2558 and 2532 B.C., he was the Egyptian pharaoh (2686-2150 BC). His name translates to “The Appearing of Ra.” He had numerous wives, but Queen Mereceankh was his principal consort. He also had 12 sons and 3 daughters. He built the Giza Complex’s second largest Pyramid out of a desire to carry on his father’s legacy. He also built the renowned Sphinx and the enormous Valley temple.
Pyramid of Chephren
The 4th dynasty, in 2540 BC, built the second pyramid of the Giza complex. The pyramid’s name in Egyptian is “Wer (en)-Khafre,” which translates to “Khafre Is Great.” Its interior construction, which rises to a height of 136.4 (448 ft) on a base of 215.5 m, was built from Tura limestone blocks, each of which weighed two tonnes (706 ft.).
The Great Sphinx of Chephren
The Great Sphinx, a mythical creature with a lion’s body and a human face, is located next to the Valley temple. It was constructed to guard the area and safeguard it from grave thieves. Its height is 240 feet (73 meters) and it is 66 feet long (20 m). It is situated on a terrace in front of the enormous second pyramid and is thought to contain the visage of Khafre ruler Kefren. The exact age, origin, and function of the Sphinx are surrounded by many controversies, mysteries, and unresolved issues.
The Valley Temple of Chephren
Red granite was used to build the Valley Temple’s blocks, which are still in excellent condition today. Additionally, large statues of King Chephren, made of the extremely difficult-to-carve stone diorite, have been found at The Valley temple and are currently housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. During the ancient Egyptian era, statues were used to guard the major deity.