Mosque of Amr Ibn Al Aas
The oldest structure in Egypt is the Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque, which Commander Amr Ibn Alas built in 641 AD. It was also the first mosque to be erected in all of Africa. The mosque was erected where his tent once stood because a dove had nestled there and produced an egg. He saw this as a sign from God that His purpose would be carried out, and the place later served as the center of Islamic Egypt. The mosque had a simple design because it was constructed from palm leaves, tree trunks, and mud bricks. However, because the mosque was demolished and rebuilt in the seventh century, it is very difficult to determine how the original structure looked.
Amr Ibn Al Aas Mosque Construction
General Amr Ibn Al Aas’ Muslim force was able to take Alexandria, which served as Egypt’s capital during the Greco-Roman era, and advance to modern-day Cairo so that it could attack Babylon, a significant fort along the Nile, in 640 A.D. In the city of Fustat (Arabic for “tent”), which became the capital of Muslim Egypt, the mosque was erected where Amr Ibn Alas’s tent once stood. Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque has been rebuilt numerous times over the years. For example, in 827 A.D., the mosque was expanded and arcades of columns were added. In 1172, the crusaders burned down Fustat, which Saladin the Great repaired. The mosque underwent its latest refurbishment in 1875 after suffering years of deterioration as a result of the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte’s forces in Cairo in 1798. The mosque contains 150 white marble columns, three plainly designed minarets, and an open court surrounded by four Riwaqs, the greatest of which is the Qiblah Riwaq. It is possible to blend elements of Greek and Roman architecture.